do brain games work

do brain games work插图


Do brain games really improve your brain?

While the games are fun and engaging,there is insufficient scientific evidence to suggest brain trainingas it exists now can significantly improve an individual’s higher-order cognitive ability. What we do know is that brain games improve the specific function that is being trained.

Do brain training programs really work?

Do they really work? A. Brain training programs promise to preserve cognitive abilities, but so far research has not found they can delay or prevent brain decline. These programs operate on the premise that practicing one cognitive task will translate into better memory and intelligence. The enthusiasm for them began when observational studies …

How are video games good for the brain?

In a nutshell, playing video games has a positive effect on your memory. Ithelps exercise your hippocampus. This part of the brain is in charge of storing short-term memory to long-term and regulating spatial memory.

Do brain training Apps really work?

Do brain-training apps really work? “At present there is little strong evidence that brain-training apps are effective. While some studies have reported improvements in the skill being used in the app, what are often small and fleeting advances end up being promoted commercially as lasting improvements,” adds Brennan.1 Jan 2021

Why are Kable and Lerman interested in games?

Because of their focus on decision making, Kable and Lerman were interested in games that target executive function, the umbrella term for capacities controlled by the prefrontal cortex that help us delay gratification, plan for the future, and do other cognitively difficult things.

How long did Lumosity study participants?

Some participants trained with Lumosity (with the company’s cooperation) for 10 weeks. A control group played a variety of similarly stimulating online video games that aren’t aimed at improving thinking and memory. In addition to studying choice behavior, the researchers also looked for signs of basic improvement in cognitive performance. And for the first time in a study of brain-changing games, they included neural imaging to look at activity in relevant areas of the brains before and after training.

What is the hope of cognitive training?

The hope with cognitive training was that you could improve people’s executive function so that can stay strong when they’re faced with temptation or hard choices.

What is the principle of brain training?

That is a principle called “transfer.”. Proponents of cognitive video games believe in transfer.

Who is the scientist who studied brain-changing games?

The study was a collaboration between the laboratories of neuroscientists Joseph Kable and Caryn Lerman, both at the University of Pennsylvania. Kable studies decision-making and Lerman is an expert in helping people quit smoking. They wanted to see if brain-changing games could improve cognitive control and help people make better choices about risky behavior, and maybe even help battle addictions like smoking.

Is Lumosity still effective?

In 2016, however, the company behind Lumosity was fined $2 million for deceptive advertising. It’s possible that brain-changing games will still prove effective for specific groups, like older adults at risk of cognitive decline, or people recovering from a stroke.

Does brain training affect cognitive performance?

But a new, rigorous study published this week in The Journal of Neuroscience found that such brain-training programs had no discernible effect on the brain, on cognitive performance, or anything else.

How does neuroplasticity help the brain?

Treatment relies on stimulating the brain to heal itself through neuroplasticity. In the case of cognitive or physical impairments, such as after a stroke or other kind of brain trauma, patients rely on neuroplasticity to reconnect the brain cells in damaged areas.

How can neuroplasticity be achieved?

This act of neuroplasticity can be achieved through cognitive stimulation. ". Observing how the brain recovers through stimulating suggests ways to keep the brain healthy in the long term. "I recommend meditation and mindfulness to my patients," says Dr. Dumitrascu.

What is the power of the brain to rewire itself?

Neuroplasticity is the brain’s power to rewire itself and make new connections in response to learning and stimulation.

Does Dumitrascu recommend brain games?

Dr. Dumitrascu also recommends brain-exercise apps and brain games, but only those that have gone through rigorous research trials. There are apps and games that have been studied in well-designed, randomized clinical trials and have been proven to improve the brain’s processing speed, attention, and memory, all thanks to neuroplasticity.

Do Sudoku exercises help your brain?

So-called brain exercises such as crossword puzzles or sudoku are thought to keep your brain cells active and healthy, but do they actually boost neuroplasticity? According to vascular neurologist Dr. Oana Dumitrascu, assistant professor of Neurology, keeping the brain healthy is more complex than simply doing daily puzzles from the comfort …

Is sleep good for the brain?

Along with rigorous aerobic exercise, Dr. Dumitrascu believes proper diet and sleep habits are crucial to long-term brain health. Read: Myths and Facts About a Good Night’s Sleep. "The main problem I see with people coming to me with cognitive complaints is lack of sleep," she says.

Does sleep quality matter?

The sleep quantity and quality matters a lot.". Dr. Dumitrascu says that mild cognitive impairment, such as decreased attention span or trouble forming new memories, may be improved by a multifaceted approach to brain stimulation—pushing the mind and the body.

What are the questions that are asked during brain training?

One of the crucial questions for brain-training programs is whether or not the specific skills emphasized during training, such as improved auditory perception, actually generalize to other cognitive abilities. In other words, will practicing auditory perception lead to improved visual perception? And how long do training effects persist?

How does training in reasoning help?

According to Sherry Willis and colleagues at Pennsylvania State University brain exercises that focus on training reasoning skills do translate into long-lasting improvements in daily life. The team looked at the effects of three non-computerized cognitive training modules (designed to narrowly target memory, reasoning, or processing speed skills) versus a no-contact control group in a sample of 2,832 cognitively-intact elders. The subjects received 10 one-hour sessions plus a booster at months 11 and 35. Surprisingly, at two years, there was no benefit on daily activities. But after five years the group trained in reasoning showed better performance on daily activities (an effect that was made more noticeable by the fact that some in the control group showed a decline). These results suggest that a short training session plus periodic boosters may induce long-lasting cognitive and functional benefits—sort of a “teaching a person to fish for life” effect.

Why do we need to do Posit Science?

The Posit Science program is premised on the idea that as we get older our brains become less efficient at processing information from the senses (not because of specific hearing or vision loss but because of degenerative changes in the brain’s associative cortex), which then leads to a decline in memory.

Is brain fitness good for Alzheimer’s?

And remember that despite their promises, no computerized brain fitness program has yet been proven to prevent the onset of Alzheimer’s disease or even to make brain cells any younger at a biological level. Improving your computer-determined “brain age” to a 29-year-old’s level will certainly give you a mental workout (and a nice ego trip!) but is currently about as well proven to reduce your risk for future memory loss as learning to hit a golf swing like Tiger Woods.

Is brain training good for kids?

One thing remains clear: there is no serious harm to brain training other than the effect on your wallet (and the risk of some egg on your face if your seven-year old can play them better). And evidence is accumulating that they not only improve the skills they are designed to help, but likely generalize to other cognitive abilities and have some long-lasting benefits. If you’re working at them now, we advise you to keep it up! Perhaps computerized brain training will eventually evolve into a form of cyber-vaccine, in which socially-networked multiplayer training sessions every year will keep our brains forever young. In the meantime, you can get cheaper and easily accessed brain benefits the old-fashioned way: eat your fruits and vegetables, exercise, don’t be afraid to try new activities and be a social butterfly. Your brain will really thank you!

Is there a brain fitness trial?

A recent multicenter clinical trial of a commercial brain fitness program makes a case for why we should take brain games more seriously .

Is brain games better than learning a new language?

The immediate answer is that we don’t know. We simply cannot say that brain games are better than activities such as learning a new language because no one has done those sorts of scientific comparisons.

How many cognitive psychologists are there in the brain training industry?

The 69 cognitive psychologists behind The Consensus on the Brain Training Industry from the Scientific Community were emphatic in denouncing any claims that the games could prevent or reverse Alzheimer’s disease, and warn against putting too much weight on unsubstantiated claims.

How many volunteers were tested in the study of the brain?

Led by research scientist Bobby Stojanoski of the Brain and Mind Institute at Western University, the study tested 72 volunteers to see whether a targeted approach that trained one particular brain skill translated into improved skills in a different task controlled by the same brain region.

Can brain games reverse Alzheimer’s?

The 69 cognitive psychologists behind The Consensus on the Brain Training Industry from the Scientific Community were emphatic in denouncing any claims that the games could prevent or reverse Alzheimer’s disease, and warn against putting too much weight on unsubstantiated claims. “The promise of a magic bullet detracts from the best evidence to date,” which they say points to cognitive health being dependent upon habits and lifestyles adhered to over the course of a lifetime. ( Fast Company)

Does brain training change brain activity?

Proponents of brain training hark back to the original cabbie studies and MRI studies showing growth of their hippocampi, as well as other research showing that after brain training, EEG reports showed that specific types of brain training changed brain activity.

Is brain training evidence based?

Novella writes, “Suggestions that … brain-training makes your brain function better in any way other than simply learning the task that is being practiced is not evidence-based…. the very concept of “brain-training” is probably flawed. It is useful as a marketing slogan, but does not seem to be based in reality.

Is there evidence for cognitive training?

The researchers concluded that there was “no evidence for relative benefits of cognitive training with respect to changes in decision-making behavior or brain response, or for cognitive task performance beyond those specifically trained.”.

Does route learning change brain tissue?

Their brains had grown as a result of their intensive study and activity, and later studies, including one conducted at Carnegie Mellon University, confirmed the findings and concluded that route learning changes brain tissue.

Is there a likely mechanism for improvement?

There’s another important question that needs to be addressed: Should brain training work? That is, given what scientists know about how people learn and acquire new skills, should we expect training on one task to improve the performance of another , untrained task?

Why are unmatched expectations between groups a serious concern?

Unmatched expectations between groups are a serious concern, because there is growing evidence suggesting cognitive tests are susceptible to placebo effects, including tests of memory, intelligence and attention.

Why is it important to improve your ability to perform everyday tasks?

What is important is improving their ability to perform everyday tasks that relate to their safety, well-being, independence and success in life . But over a century of research suggests that learning and training gains tend to be extremely specific. Transferring gains from one task to another can be a challenge.

What is the effect of placebo?

Placebo effects are improvements that are not the direct result of a treatment, but due to participants expecting to feel or perform better as a result of having received a treatment. This is an important concern in any intervention study, whether aimed at understanding the effect of a new drug or a new brain training product.

What is the goal of brain games?

The goal here is to improve the detection of objects in the periphery, which can be useful in avoiding an automobile crash. A brain game may take the form of nature scenes with birds presented in the periphery; players must locate specific birds, even though the image is presented only briefly.

How many digits can SF hear?

Consider the individual known as SF, who was able, with extended practice, to improve his memory for numbers from seven to 79 digits. After training, he was able to hear a list of 79 randomly generated digits and immediately repeat this list of numbers back, perfectly, without delay.

What is the most important lesson from the literature on training?

The most important lesson from the literature on training is this: If you want to improve your performance on a task that’s important to you, practice that task. Playing brain games may only make you better at playing brain games.

What is memory training app?

Memory training apps require tracking a large number of objects while one is distracted with a secondary task (such as making mental calculations or navigating the landscape of a game). That degree of difficulty and repetition, however, may be rare in daily life, which is the gap that memory apps aim to fill.

How does repetition help with memory?

Just as athletes engage in strength and conditioning by repeatedly exercising certain muscle groups and their respiratory and cardiovascular systems , targeted repetition of memory exercises may be the key to strengthening and conditioning our memory processes.

How many volunteers are needed for citizen science?

An online citizen science project is recruiting 30,000 volunteers to assess whether exercises to improve memory and attention are valid—and if so, for whom

Where is Anja Pahor?

Anja Pahor is a research scientist at the University of California, Irvine.

Does brain training improve IQ?

The three of us, and many others, have provided evidence that carefully formulated exercises can improve basic cognitive skills and even lead to better scores on standard IQ tests. At the same time, brain training has become a profoundly controversial endeavor. Some researchers, including one of us, have expressed deep reservations about both its reliability and its validity. There was even a consensus statement issued calling brain training into question, which, in turn, resulted in a counterresponse from researchers who defended it.

Does brain training help with ADHD?

If brain training works, the field holds enormous promise to help people with cognitive impairments, and to aid individuals who are recovering from cancer or perhaps even COVID-19. Some affirmation of the potential for cognitive training could be seen in the FDA’s recent approval of a brain training game to treat ADHD.

Does short term memory training help with vision?

Although the jury is still out, there is evidence that short-term working memory training can provide benefits to relatively high functioning individuals , such as college students. For vision training, there are suggestions that even elite athletes can benefit. Still, whether one has a memory impairment or not, it is likely that, similar to diet or exercise, brain training does not benefit everyone in the same way.